Marine Protected Areas around the Northern Channel Islands

The Channel Islands network is made up of 11 no-extraction Marine Reserves, protecting a diverse array of ecosystems 

Blue-Parks_Ring_white
 

Blue Park Facts
 

Award:
Platinum
 

Award Year: 
2019
 

Management: 
 

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary (NOAA; CINMS), Channel Islands National Park (CINP) and California Department of Fish & Wildlife (CDFW)

 

Size: 
3804 km²
 

Other Awards & Designations:
Important Bird Area (IBA)

The Northern Channel Island MPAs, located off the coast of Southern California in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, protect a variety of marine ecosystems such as rocky intertidal communities, sea grass beds, giant kelp forests and deep sea coral gardens. The Channel Islands network is made up of 11 state and federal no-extraction Marine Reserves and 2 no-extraction Special Closure Areas. Over 5,000 species of invertebrates, mammals like seals and sea lions, large open-water fish and seabirds reside there. The Channel Island MPAs protect a handful of endangered species such as the blue whale, the orca and the fur seal. The abundance of marine species in the region is largely due to high productivity driven by upwelling and its situation between warm and cold water bioregions.

 

The network of Channel Island MPAs are collectively managed by three entities: the Channel Islands National Park, the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. All three work together to create regulations and facilitate enforcement. The agencies also engage the ancestors of the indigenous coastal people, the Chumash, as well as other local community members. The Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and National Park were designated in 1980. The portions of the area within California state waters were designated in 2003. The Reserves and Conservation Areas were then adopted by NOAA and expanded into federal waters in 2006 and 2007. 

Supplemental Documents
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary Official Website 
Channel Islands National Park Official Website
California Department of Fish & Wildlife Official Website
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary on MPAtlas.org
Anacapa Island Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.
Anacapa Island Conservation Area on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.
Anacapa Island Special Closure on MPAtlas.org - California 
Carrington Point Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California
Footprint Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.
Gull Island Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.
Harris Point Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.
Judith Rock Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California
Painted Cave Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California
Richardson Rock Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.
San Miguel Island Special Closure on MPAtlas.org – California
Santa Barbara Island Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.
Scorpion Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.
Skunk Point Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California
South Point Reserve on MPAtlas.org – California, U.S.

Blue Parks is a Marine Conservation Institute initiative working to build a global network of effective marine protected areas to save ocean wildlife. 

All photos courtesy of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and National Parks Service